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Trampolining for Better Balance

Balance allows the body to maintain a stable position in many tasks that require motor skills. The body is almost never completely still and is constantly moving even though these movements might be completely imperceptible or noticeable. The more this ability is developed, the easier it gets to maintain balance.

A good balance is important in both, everyday life and sports activities. We distinguish between static and dynamic balance. The latter maintains a balanced position of the body during movement while the static balance maintains a balanced position of the body at rest.

Depending on the angle and the force with which you hit the trampoline’s surface, your body rebounds up into the air at a different angle. Sometimes you end up rebounding in an unexpected manner because you land with greater force than anticipated; other times you might land before the trampoline’s surface has finished settling; or, you may even accidentally place more weight on one foot than the other.

To accommodate these unexpected movements, your body must find its centre of gravity and re-balance before landing again. With practice, you become better at maintaining your equilibrium despite unexpected movement patterns, and also more adept at predicting your body’s movements based on how you land, enabling you to recover faster. In essence, your balance and coordination improve.

Research in Developmental Disabilities Journal found that a 12 week balance trampoline training program was verified as an effective intervention for improving motor coordination and balance performance. The performance improvements may be due to alterations in the complex sensory motor stimulation of the training program. The participants' efforts to adapt to the trampolines unstable surface improved their balance and motor performance.

The results indicated that after a 12-week balance training circuit including a trampoline station program, the intervention group improved both factors that were examined. In conclusion, balance training with the use of attractive equipment such as trampolining can be an effective intervention for improving functional outcomes and can be recommended as an alternative mode of physical activity.